Cervical cancer is a type of cancer which only affects the females, it is a very uncommon type of cancer and it develops in woman's cervix, basically the cervix is the part of the woman's reproductive system it is located in the pelvis, the cervix is the lower, narrow part of the womb or uterus the cervical cancer basically happens when the abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control.
The cervix is the one which connects the uterus to the vagina whereas it also makes mucus which is helpful for the movements of sperms from the vagina into the uterus.
The cervical cancer is the one of the most common type of cancer occurs mainly in woman worldwide mainly noticed in the age of 30 and above but the highest number of cases have been noticed in the women's who are in between the age of 30-50, the cancer is mainly transmitted during sexual intercourse but the chances increases if person is having sex at early stage or due to having anonymous sexual partners increases the chances of having infection, it is caused due to the human papillovirus (hpv) which belongs to the papovaviruses and infects only humans.
It do not show any sort of symptoms during the starting stage and the symptoms mainly do not appears until the infection or the cancer is increased so later on symptoms start appearing some of the common symptoms noticed were such as unusual vaginal bleeding which mainly happens after sexual intercourse,pain in the pelvic area, heavy bleeding during menstrual cycle, foul - smelling from the vagina or after menopause but the vaginal unusual bleeding does not mean that the person if suffering from cancer.
While having symptoms which may be due to cervical cancer can be diagnosed also through several tests, such as hpv test, cervical test, or from the tissue sample the doctor will take a piece of sample from the cervix which will be later on checked by the pathologist , one of the best way to confirm about the cancer is the biopsy in which a large cone-shaped pieces of tissue is removed.
For the treatment of HPV vaccines are also introduced such as hpv vaccine which is a recombinant vaccine containing antigens from hpv6,, 11, 16 and 18 which is indicated in adolescent and young adult women's. The first dose is given by a dose 2 months later and last dose after the first dose generally after 6 months.
The treatment of this cancer depends on the stage and how much infection has been developed, for treatment there are chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy etc.