Archive for November 2019

Bone Marrow Transplant Cost for T Cell LYMPHOMA- USD 14000 to USD 25000

Cost of Bone Marrow transplant for T Cell LYMPHOMA.

 

What is Lymphoma ?

 

Lymphoma is cancer that starts in the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell of the human immune system. Lymphoma is the most common kind of blood cancer. It includes both Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, depending on the specific type of lymphocyte involved.

 

T-cell lymphoma is type of  Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma  which comes in many forms.

 

Types:

  • T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia:  This disease is very common in teens or young adults, with chances of males being affected more than females. It can be considered either a lymphoma or a type of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), depending on how much of the bone marrow is involved (leukemias have more bone marrow involvement).

It often starts in the thymus (a small organ behind the breastbone and in front of the heart, which is where many T cells are made), and may grow into a large tumor in the mediastinum (the area between the lungs). This may cause trouble in breathing and swelling of arms and face.

  • Peripheral T-cell lymphomas:  These are uncommon types of lymphoma that develop from more mature forms of T cells.
  • Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma:This lymphoma is caused by infection with a virus called HTLV-1. It  affects the bone marrow (where new blood cells are made), lymph nodes, spleen, liver, skin, and other organs.
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas : These lymphomas start in the skin. Skin lymphomas account for about 5% of all lymphomas.
  • Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: This lymphoma accounts for about 4% of all lymphomas. It is more common in old age. It involve lymph nodes and bone marrow as well as the spleen or liver, which can get enlarged. People with this lymphoma usually have fever, weight loss, skin rashes and often develop infections.
  • Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type:  This rare type lymphoma  involves the upper airway passages, mostly nose and upper throat, but it can also invade the skin, digestive tract, and other organs. Cells of this lymphoma are similar in some ways to natural killer (NK) cells, another type of lymphocyte.
  • Enteropathy-associated intestinal T-cell lymphoma (EATL):EATL is a lymphoma that grows in the lining of the intestine. This lymphoma is  common in the small intestine, but can also appear in the colon.

This lymphoma occurs in  people with celiac disease (also called gluten-sensitive enteropathy). Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease in which eating gluten, causes the immune system to attack the lining of the intestine and other parts of the body. It is rare among people who have had celiac disease since childhood, and is more common in people diagnosed as older adults. This lymphoma is more common in men than women.

  • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL): About 2% of lymphomas are of this type. It is more common in young people (including children), but it can also affect older adults. This type of lymphoma tends to be fast-growing, but many people with this lymphoma can be cured.

There are different forms of Anaplastic large cell lymphoma

  1. Primary cutaneous ALCL only affects the skin. This is discussed in more detail in Lymphoma of the Skin.
  2. Systemic ALCLcan affect the lymph nodes and other organs, including the skin.

Systemic ALCL is divided into 2 types based on whether the lymphoma cells have a change in the ALK gene.

 

ALK-positive and ALK-negative type.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms vary according to the specific type of T-cell lymphoma.

  • symptoms of mycosis fungoides include:  Patches of flat, scaly skin,thick  raised plaques tumors that may or may not develop into ulcers and itching.
  • Signs and symptoms of Sézary syndrome are: Red, itchy rashes covering most of the body and eyelids. Changes innails and hair,Enlarged lymph nodes edema, or swelling.

Not all forms of T-cell lymphoma cause symptoms on the skin. Other types may cause:

 

bleeding or bruising easily

recurrent infections

fevers or chills with no known cause

fatigue

persistent abdominal pain on the left side due to swollen spleen

abdominal fullness

frequent urination

constipation

 

TREATMENT
It is very likely to get more than one type of therapy, when people are looking for treatment, the major concern the cost of bone marrow transplant for Lymphoma.

Mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome may involve direct treatment on the skin as well as systemic treatment.

SKIN TREATMENTS
Certain ointments, creams, and gels applied directly to  skin can control symptoms and even destroy cancer cells.
Retinoids (vitamin A-derived drugs). Potential side effects are itching, irritation, and sensitivity to sunlight. Retinoids shouldn’t be used during pregnancy.
Corticosteroids. Long-term use of topical corticosteroids can lead to thinning of  skin.
Topical chemotherapy.  It may include redness and swelling. It can also increase the risk of other types of cancer. However, topical chemotherapy tends to have fewer side effects than oral or intravenous chemotherapies.
SYSTEMATIC TREATMENTS
Medications for T-cell lymphomas include pills, injections, and those given intravenously. Targeted therapies and chemotherapy drugs are often combined for maximum healing.

 

Systemic treatments may include:

Chemotherapy combination called CHOP, which includes cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone
Newer chemo drugs, such as pralatrexate (Folotyn)
Targeted drugs, such as bortezomib (Velcade), belinostat (Beleodaq), or romidepsin (Istodax)
Immunotherapy drugs, such as alemtuzumab (Campath) and denileukin diftitox (Ontak)
In advanced cases, one may need maintenance chemotherapy for up to two years.

Light therapy
UVA and UVB light can kill cancer cells on the skin. Light therapy is usually given several times in a week using special lamps. UVA light treatment is generally combined with drugs called psoralens. UVA light activates the psoralens to kill cancer cells.

Radiation
Radiation therapy uses radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. The beams can be directed to the affected skin so that internal organs aren’t affected.

Extracorporeal photopheresis
This is used to treat mycosis fungoides or Sézary syndrome.  Two-day procedure, in which blood will be removed and treated with UV light and drugs that activate when exposed to the light, killing cancer cells.

Stem cell transplant

 

In stem cell transplant bone marrow is replaced with marrow from a healthy one and the cost of stem cell transplant in India varies from USD 14000 to USD 25000 depending on the individual’s health condition.

 

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Experience of Mr. John of Kenya after a successful stem cell transplant for Multiple Myeloma in India.

Experience of Mr. John of Kenya after a successful stem cell transplant for Multiple Myeloma in India.

 

My name is Mary sister to John. I was requested by GHN people to write a story or you can say a feedback about my experience in India when we traveled for Specialized Medical treatment. My brother John was diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma as disease which was difficult to diagnose at a remote area that we come from in Kenya.

 

Our local doctor after struggling to see any change in John referred us to a Hospital in Nairobi, Undergoing a detailed assessment and meeting with a number of Doctors in Nairobi, My brother was found to have Multiple myeloma and we started looking for  stem cell transplant for Multiple Myeloma in India.. It was a shock for all of us when doctor told us it is a type of blood cancer. We were clueless on what to do next as in my country when you talk of disease like  cancer its like you are counting on the number of days that the person will live and also the multiple myeloma treatment cost was to be found out as final and curative treatment was not available in my country.

 

We met with a number of doctors and family friends discussing on what best we can do for John. He was in shock so he decided not to socialize for a certain period after he got to know that he was a blood cancer patient, We started searching for best Multiple myeloma treatment hospitals and multiple myeloma treatment cost around. We decided to continue treatment in Kenya.

 

Now it was by luck on a Monday afternoon we were seated in waiting area at a hospital in Nairobi waiting for our turn to meet with a Specialists and we were discussing with other people about the health issues, One of them was from our county and he had the same same disease, He travelled to India for his treatment. I was with my brother and I thought he is the best person to guide us in this time difficult time and I was really very happy to see him doing well after the treatment.

The very next day I called him and we decided to meet at a place in Nairobi for a cup of chai. Now, this guy has same heath problem and he underwent a bone marrow transplant for Multiple myeloma disease in India. He told us about his story and how he was doing so well even after 1 year of the transplant. He gave me contact of Akhil Dubey +91 9818857545 and asked me to share all the medical reports of John with this person in India. I was truly very happy to have someone who will guide us on how we can travel to India and get best hospital in India and also suitable one in terms of multiple myeloma treatment cost.

In the evening I texted Akhil Dubey and told him that I was referred by one of the patient who underwent Bone Marrow Transplant for multiple myeloma in India. He was quick to respond, As told by my friends, he requested for medical reports which I sent him taking clear pictures and sharing with him on WhatsApp as it was difficult to get a Cyber café near to where I live. Akhil Dubey assured me that he will get back to us with 24 hours with all the details for best multiple myeloma treatment hospital in india.

These guys from GHN are very professional, within no time we got opinion from a very good Hospital in India, we got Visa Invitation letter from the Hospital, They kept guiding us on each and every step in the planning phase and we finally reached India. A person from GHN team was waiting for us at the Airport, He took us to a hotel nearby the Hospital.

The very next day we started our assessment at the Hospital and I would say we were at the best hospital for multiple myeloma treatment in India. Team of Doctors and nurses were excellent in their jobs, very friendly and professional. My brother was admitted for a time period of 24 days at the Hospital in the Bone Marrow Transplant suit. I would say journey was a difficult one but the good people around him made this difficult time  bit easy for him. I do not have words to express myself about the Nursing services, they became like family to us by the time we left the Hospital.

 

Post discharge, we stayed for about 30 days and when doctor found out that my brother was progressing well and he is stable, we were given a fit to fly from our Doctor. We got our treatment done within the multiple myeloma treatment cost which was quoted to us. It was truly a great experience being in India for my brother’s treatment. I am very happy that we chose GHN Healthcare and their hospital in India. We got more than what we expected from them. We will definitely recommend many more people to use GHN healthcare services when travelling to India.

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