Heart Valve Surgery Treatment
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Open Heart Surgery is also called Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), it is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart of a person. Cardiothoracic Surgeons use CABG to treat people who have severe (CHD)Coronary Heart Disease.
CHD is health disorder in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary artery of the Heart. These arteries supply oxygen rich blood to a person’s heart. Plaque also hardens and narrows the coronary arteries.
CABG ( Open heart Surgery) is one for treatment for Coronary Heart Disorder . During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from body is connected, or grafted, to the block coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new path/ way for oxygen rich blood to flow to the heart muscle.
Surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries during one Single surgery.
Our heart is a very special and important organ which not only provides life to us but also besides this it plays many vital roles such as pumping and pouring of blood into the while body in which valves which are present inside the chambers of the heart play important role, so basically heart consist of four valves whose jobs is to make it sure that the blood is flowing in a proper direction in the heart, the valve opens and close according to the requirement, they open when for the flow of the blood and gets close to stop the flow as well as keeping the blood from the backward flow, the name of those four valves are :
- Pulmonic valve
- Tricuspid valve
- Mitral valve
- Aortic valve
So whenever the valve doesn't opens and close properly then less blood moves to the other chamber and backflows also in to the blood which enhances the working of the heart, so for removing such problem heart valve surgery chosen to provide treatment.
What is heart valve surgery?
In heart valve surgery repairing and replacement of the valve takes place, the aortic valve is the ione of the ery common type of valve in comparison to other three so it can be easily replaced but it cant be replaced where as the mitral one is common to repair only some rare cases happen in which tricuspid and pulmonic valves repairing and replacement take place.
It depends on the type of problem the patient is having so in heart valve surgery , there are two types of options are also present to choose which are to replacement or to repair the diseased valve
In valve repair - Among the all four valve the most common valve which is very common for repairing is the mitral valve which becomes floppy and leak.
In valve replacement - In the replacement of the valve the portion is replaced with a new valve which can be done by the mechanical valve or the biological valve.
The heart valve surgery provides a new life to the heart whereas it also includes
- Preserved heart muscle strength
- Proper flow of the blood
- Decreases the need for the life- long blood thinner medication.
- Less cardiac problem
Heart valve repair surgery
The valves either get replaced or repaired as the aortic valve get replaced so mitral valve is the one which goes through the heart valve repair surgery in which the surgeon performs procedure, basically it consist of several types of procedures which are selected according to the requirement, some of then are including :
- Patched leaflets in which tissue patches are used to repair any leaflet or hole
- Fused valve leaflet are separated so that it makes the opening of the valve wider also termed as the commissurotomy
- Reshaping leaflets
- Annulus support
- Chordal transfer
After Heart Valve Surgery
The surgery takes places under the guidance of best surgeons, amnesties, nurses , experts so after the completion of the surgery your spend some time in the hospital but if you shows good improvement then quick discharge is done , before it observations are noticed to reduce any type of risk, it will almost take 2-4 months to get fully recover depending upon the conditions.